Football is a sport that requires a high level of physical fitness. To excel on the field, footballers need to undergo rigorous training to improve their strength, endurance, speed, and agility. There are different types of fitness training that footballers need to do to achieve optimal performance. This article will explore the various fitness training techniques used by footballers to enhance their skills and improve their chances of winning the game. Whether you’re a fan of the sport or a footballer yourself, this article will give you an insight into the world of football fitness training.
Footballers need a well-rounded fitness training program that includes a combination of strength, endurance, and speed training. This includes resistance training to build muscle and increase strength, as well as interval training to improve endurance and cardiovascular health. Speed and agility training is also important, as it helps players move quickly and efficiently on the field. Additionally, injury prevention and flexibility training should be included to reduce the risk of injury and improve overall mobility.
The Importance of Fitness in Football
Physical demands of football
In football, players are required to perform a wide range of physical activities that demand different types of fitness. These physical demands include:
- Running: Football players need to be able to run for long distances at high intensities, with the ability to change direction quickly and accelerate or decelerate as needed.
- Jumping: Jumping is a crucial aspect of football, as it is required for heading the ball, making tackles, and reaching high balls. Players need to have explosive power in their legs to generate high jumping ability.
- Change of direction: Football players need to be able to change direction quickly and efficiently, which requires good footwork, balance, and agility.
- Strength and power: Football players need to have strong muscles in their legs, core, and upper body to maintain balance, control the ball, and make tackles. Power is also important for players to generate speed and explosiveness.
- Endurance: Football matches can be physically demanding, and players need to have good endurance to last the full 90 minutes and beyond. Endurance is also important for players who are involved in multiple matches in a short period of time, such as during a tournament.
Overall, football players need to have a well-rounded fitness level that includes cardiovascular endurance, strength, power, agility, and flexibility to excel on the field.
Physical fitness components for football
Fitness is crucial for football players to perform at their best on the field. Football is a high-intensity sport that requires players to be physically fit to excel in various aspects of the game. Here are some of the physical fitness components that footballers need to focus on:
Aerobic endurance is the ability of the body to sustain physical activity for an extended period. Footballers need to have high aerobic endurance to run continuously, make quick recovery between plays, and maintain high-intensity activities for long periods.
Anaerobic endurance is the ability of the body to perform high-intensity activities for a short period. Footballers need to have high anaerobic endurance to perform explosive movements such as sprinting, jumping, and changing direction quickly.
Strength is essential for football players to perform physical tasks such as tackling, blocking, and running with the ball. Footballers need to have strength in their legs, core, and upper body to perform these tasks effectively.
Power is the ability to exert maximum force in a short amount of time. Footballers need to have power in their legs to perform quick and explosive movements such as sprinting and jumping.
Speed is the ability to move quickly. Footballers need to have speed to run quickly and make quick movements on the field.
Agility is the ability to change direction quickly and efficiently. Footballers need to have agility to make quick changes of direction and avoid tackles.
Flexibility is the ability of the muscles and joints to move through a full range of motion. Footballers need to have flexibility to perform various movements on the field, such as kicking and running with the ball.
In conclusion, football players need to focus on these physical fitness components to excel on the field. By focusing on these components, footballers can improve their performance, reduce the risk of injury, and increase their overall fitness level.
Soccer-Specific Fitness Training
Resistance training is a crucial component of a footballer’s fitness regimen. It involves the use of weights, resistance bands, or body weight to increase muscular strength and endurance. This type of training is essential for footballers as it helps improve their overall physical performance on the field.
Some of the resistance training exercises that footballers should incorporate into their workout routine include:
- Weightlifting: Weightlifting is an effective way to build muscular strength and power. Footballers can perform exercises such as squats, deadlifts, bench presses, and bent-over rows to target the muscles used in sprinting, jumping, and changing direction.
- Plyometrics: Plyometrics are explosive exercises that help develop power and speed. Footballers can perform exercises such as box jumps, bounding, and plyometric lunges to improve their ability to accelerate, decelerate, and change direction quickly.
- Medicine ball exercises: Medicine ball exercises are a great way to target the core muscles, which are essential for balance, stability, and explosiveness. Footballers can perform exercises such as medicine ball slams, Russian twists, and medicine ball sit-ups to improve their core strength and stability.
In addition to these exercises, footballers should also focus on injury prevention by incorporating exercises that target areas prone to injury, such as the hips, knees, and ankles. By incorporating resistance training into their fitness regimen, footballers can improve their overall physical performance on the field and reduce their risk of injury.
Cardiovascular training is a crucial aspect of fitness for footballers. It involves exercises that increase the heart rate and improve the body’s ability to transport oxygen and nutrients to the muscles. This type of training is essential for footballers because it helps them maintain a high level of energy and endurance throughout the game.
One of the most effective forms of cardiovascular training for footballers is interval training. This type of training involves alternating periods of high-intensity exercise with periods of rest or low-intensity exercise. For example, a footballer might sprint for 30 seconds and then rest for 30 seconds. This type of training is effective because it improves the body’s ability to use oxygen efficiently, which is crucial for endurance.
Another form of cardiovascular training that is useful for footballers is long-distance running. This type of training helps to improve the body’s ability to maintain a high level of intensity over a long period of time. Footballers who engage in long-distance running may also improve their leg strength and endurance, which is essential for sprinting and changing direction quickly on the field.
Overall, cardiovascular training is an important component of fitness for footballers. It helps to improve their endurance, energy levels, and overall physical fitness, which are all essential for success on the field.
Agility and coordination training
In order to excel on the field, footballers require agility and coordination training. These skills allow players to quickly change direction, evade tackles, and make precise movements with the ball. Agility and coordination training can be achieved through a variety of drills and exercises that target specific muscle groups and improve overall body control.
- Agility drills involve a series of exercises that require players to change direction rapidly and move in different directions. For example, cones can be set up in a zig-zag pattern, and players must weave in and out of them while dribbling a ball. These drills help to improve footwork, balance, and reaction time, all of which are crucial for success on the field.
* **Balance and stability exercises** are designed to improve a player’s ability to maintain their balance while in motion. This can be achieved through exercises such as single-leg squats, single-leg deadlifts, and single-leg bounds. These exercises target the muscles in the legs and core, which are essential for maintaining balance and preventing injuries.
Overall, agility and coordination training is a critical component of soccer-specific fitness training. By improving these skills, footballers can enhance their ability to maneuver around the field, make precise movements with the ball, and avoid tackles, all of which are essential for success on the field.
Flexibility and mobility training
Flexibility and mobility training are crucial components of a footballer’s fitness regimen. This type of training helps to improve a player’s range of motion, which can enhance their ability to perform various movements on the field, such as changing direction quickly or making precise movements with the ball.
Some examples of flexibility and mobility exercises that footballers can incorporate into their training include:
- Stretching: Footballers can engage in static stretching exercises to improve their flexibility and range of motion. This can involve holding stretches for 15-30 seconds, such as toe touches, hamstring stretches, and calf stretches.
- Dynamic stretching: Dynamic stretching involves active movements that help to increase flexibility and improve the body’s ability to move in different directions. Examples of dynamic stretches for footballers may include leg swings, hip circles, and lunges.
- Mobility exercises: Mobility exercises are designed to improve the body’s ability to move in all directions. Examples of mobility exercises for footballers may include plyometrics, agility drills, and balance exercises.
By incorporating flexibility and mobility training into their fitness regimen, footballers can improve their ability to perform at their best on the field. This type of training can help to prevent injuries, enhance performance, and improve overall athleticism.
Fitness Assessments for Footballers
Aerobic capacity testing
Aerobic capacity testing is a crucial aspect of fitness assessments for footballers. It measures the footballer’s ability to deliver oxygen to the muscles during intense physical activity. This is an essential quality for footballers, as they need to be able to maintain high levels of intensity for extended periods of time on the field.
There are two commonly used tests to measure aerobic capacity in footballers:
- VO2 max test: This test measures the maximum amount of oxygen that a footballer can consume and utilize during exercise. It is considered the gold standard for measuring aerobic capacity. Footballers undergo a progressive exercise test on a treadmill or stationary bike, while their oxygen consumption is measured. The test ends when the footballer reaches their maximum capacity or shows signs of exhaustion.
- Yo-Yo test: This test is a field-based test that measures a footballer’s ability to perform high-intensity exercise. The test involves running back and forth between two lines, 20 meters apart, as quickly as possible. The test starts at a slow pace and gradually increases in intensity. The test ends when the footballer fails to reach the line in time or shows signs of exhaustion.
Both tests provide valuable information about a footballer’s aerobic capacity and can help coaches and trainers design personalized fitness programs to improve their players’ endurance and performance on the field.
Strength and power testing
To excel on the field, footballers need to have a combination of strength and power. Strength and power testing are essential to determine the level of physical fitness of footballers. Here are some of the most common strength and power tests used to assess footballers:
The squat test is a popular strength and power test used to assess the lower body strength of footballers. In this test, the footballer is required to perform a maximum number of squats in 30 seconds. The test measures the endurance and strength of the legs, which is essential for sprinting, jumping, and running on the field.
Clean and jerk test
The clean and jerk test is another popular strength and power test used to assess the overall strength of footballers. In this test, the footballer is required to lift a barbell from the ground to an overhead position. The test measures the explosiveness and strength of the footballer’s lower and upper body, which is crucial for performing high-intensity activities on the field.
Both of these tests are used to evaluate the footballer’s physical fitness level and identify areas that need improvement. By improving their strength and power, footballers can improve their performance on the field and reduce the risk of injury.
Speed and agility testing
Footballers need to be quick and agile to excel on the field. To measure their speed and agility, coaches and trainers conduct specific tests that assess their ability to move in different directions, change direction, and accelerate. Here are some common speed and agility tests used for footballers:
The 40-yard dash is a popular test used to measure a footballer’s speed and acceleration. It involves running 40 yards as fast as possible, with the time recorded for each run. This test is used to assess a player’s ability to reach top speed quickly and maintain it over a short distance.
The lattice run is a test that measures a footballer’s agility and change of direction. It involves running through a series of cones placed in a zig-zag pattern, with the player changing direction at each cone. The time taken to complete the course is recorded, with faster times indicating better agility and change of direction.
Both of these tests are important for footballers, as they require the ability to move quickly and change direction quickly, which are crucial skills for success on the field. Additionally, these tests can help coaches and trainers identify areas where a player needs improvement, allowing them to design targeted training programs to help the player reach their full potential.
Fitness Programming for Footballers
Periodization is a fundamental aspect of fitness programming for footballers. It involves systematically organizing training sessions and designing training plans that are tailored to the specific needs of football players. Periodization involves three main phases: pre-season, in-season, and off-season.
The pre-season phase is the period immediately preceding the start of the competitive season. This phase is critical for footballers as it is when they prepare themselves physically and mentally for the upcoming season. During the pre-season, footballers typically undergo a series of rigorous training sessions that focus on improving their overall fitness, strength, and endurance. This phase also involves a gradual increase in training intensity and volume to prepare the body for the demands of the competitive season.
The in-season phase is the period during which the competitive season is ongoing. During this phase, footballers typically engage in a high volume of training sessions, including match play, to maintain their fitness levels and avoid injury. The in-season phase also involves strategic periodization, where training sessions are designed to target specific aspects of the game, such as speed, agility, and endurance. This phase requires careful management of training loads to prevent overtraining and reduce the risk of injury.
The off-season phase is the period following the end of the competitive season. During this phase, footballers typically undergo a period of reduced training loads to allow the body to recover from the demands of the competitive season. The off-season phase is an ideal time for footballers to engage in various forms of strength and conditioning training to improve their overall fitness and prepare themselves for the upcoming season. This phase also involves active recovery and injury prevention strategies to ensure that footballers return to full fitness in time for the start of the next competitive season.
In summary, periodization is a critical aspect of fitness programming for footballers. By systematically organizing training sessions and designing training plans that are tailored to the specific needs of football players, footballers can optimize their performance on the field and reduce the risk of injury. The pre-season, in-season, and off-season phases are all essential components of periodization, and each phase requires careful management of training loads and intensities to ensure that footballers are adequately prepared for the demands of the game.
- Tailoring training to individual needs
- Injury prevention
To excel on the field, footballers require a fitness program that is tailored to their individual needs. This approach is commonly referred to as individualization, and it is an essential aspect of a comprehensive fitness program for footballers.
The process of individualization involves assessing each footballer’s unique physical characteristics, including their strengths, weaknesses, and limitations. This assessment helps to identify areas that require improvement and allows coaches and trainers to design training programs that are tailored to each player’s specific needs.
One of the primary benefits of individualization is injury prevention. By identifying and addressing areas of weakness, footballers can reduce their risk of injury. For example, if a player has weak ankles, a coach may design exercises to strengthen those ankles, which can help prevent ankle injuries on the field.
In addition to injury prevention, individualization can also help footballers improve their overall performance on the field. By designing training programs that are tailored to each player’s specific needs, coaches and trainers can ensure that players are developing the skills and abilities that are most relevant to their position on the field. This approach can help players become more efficient and effective in their movements, which can lead to better performance and improved outcomes on the field.
Overall, individualization is a critical aspect of fitness programming for footballers. By tailoring training programs to each player’s unique needs and limitations, coaches and trainers can help players reduce their risk of injury and improve their overall performance on the field.
Monitoring and Evaluation
Monitoring and evaluation are crucial components of any fitness program, and footballers are no exception. By tracking progress, trainers and coaches can determine whether the footballer’s fitness program is working effectively and making necessary adjustments to ensure that the footballer is progressing towards their goals. This involves assessing various physical and performance-related factors, such as endurance, strength, speed, agility, and power.
Adjusting Training Programs as Needed
As with any fitness program, it is essential to periodically review and adjust the training regimen to accommodate changes in the footballer’s physical condition and performance goals. For example, if a footballer is experiencing muscle soreness or injury, the trainer may need to modify the training program to reduce the risk of further injury or ensure that the footballer can continue to progress. Additionally, if a footballer is not seeing the desired results from their training program, the trainer may need to adjust the program to better align with the footballer’s goals and needs.
Nutrition and Recovery for Footballers
Footballers, like any other athletes, require adequate hydration to perform at their best on the field. Dehydration can lead to fatigue, muscle cramps, and heatstroke, which can significantly impair a player’s performance. Therefore, it is crucial for footballers to stay well-hydrated at all times, especially during training and matches.
To achieve this, footballers should aim to consume fluids before, during, and after training sessions and matches. The type of fluid that they consume is also important. Footballers should avoid sugary drinks and instead opt for water or sports drinks that contain electrolytes, which help to replace the minerals lost through sweat.
In addition to hydration, footballers should also pay attention to their diet. They should consume a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and complex carbohydrates. This will provide them with the necessary nutrients to support their physical activity and aid in recovery after training and matches.
It is also important for footballers to stay well-hydrated off the field. They should aim to drink plenty of water throughout the day and avoid alcohol and caffeine, which can lead to dehydration. By doing so, they can ensure that they are adequately hydrated at all times, which is essential for optimal performance on the field.
In order to excel on the field, footballers need to have a well-rounded fitness program that includes proper nutrition and recovery. One aspect of this is nutrient timing, which involves consuming specific nutrients at specific times to optimize performance and aid in recovery.
Carbohydrate loading is a nutrient timing strategy that involves increasing carbohydrate intake in the days leading up to a game or training session. The goal is to maximize glycogen stores in the muscles, which can help improve performance and delay fatigue.
This strategy typically involves gradually increasing carbohydrate intake over several days, while also reducing training intensity. On the day of the game or training session, footballers should consume a meal high in carbohydrates, such as pasta or rice, a few hours beforehand to ensure adequate fuel for the session.
Protein Intake After Training
Protein is an essential nutrient for muscle repair and growth, and is particularly important for footballers who engage in regular training and competition. Consuming protein after training can help stimulate muscle protein synthesis, which is the process by which muscles repair and rebuild after exercise.
Footballers should aim to consume protein within 30 minutes to an hour after training, with a ratio of 4-5 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. Good sources of protein include chicken, fish, beef, eggs, and dairy products. It’s also important to consume carbohydrates along with protein to help replenish glycogen stores and promote recovery.
Proper recovery is essential for footballers to avoid injury and improve their performance on the field. Here are some effective recovery techniques that footballers can use:
- Rest and recovery time between training sessions: Footballers need to give their bodies enough time to recover between training sessions. This means taking a day off from training or engaging in light activity, such as yoga or swimming, to allow the muscles to repair and rebuild.
- Active recovery methods: Active recovery methods are exercises that help to increase blood flow and reduce muscle soreness. Examples of active recovery methods include light jogging, cycling, or swimming at a low intensity. These activities help to flush out lactic acid and waste products that build up during intense training, reducing muscle soreness and improving recovery.
Additionally, footballers should also focus on their nutrition to ensure they are fueling their bodies with the necessary nutrients for optimal performance. This includes consuming a balanced diet with plenty of protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats, as well as staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day.
In addition to a well-balanced diet, supplementation can play a crucial role in a footballer’s nutrition plan. While it’s important to note that supplements should never replace a healthy, balanced diet, they can help to support overall health and performance. Here are some common supplements that footballers may consider incorporating into their routine:
- Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs): BCAAs are a type of amino acid that are essential for muscle growth and repair. They can help to reduce muscle soreness and improve endurance during intense exercise. Footballers may benefit from taking BCAAs after intense training sessions or games to support muscle recovery.
- Creatine: Creatine is a naturally occurring compound that helps to increase energy production in the body. It can help to improve strength, power, and endurance during high-intensity exercise. Footballers may benefit from taking creatine to support their performance on the field, particularly during sprints and other explosive movements.
- Protein supplements: Protein is essential for muscle growth and repair, and footballers require a sufficient amount of protein to support their training and recovery. While it’s possible to get enough protein through a balanced diet, some footballers may choose to incorporate protein supplements into their routine to ensure they’re meeting their daily needs. Popular protein supplements include whey protein, casein protein, and plant-based protein powders.
Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation
Warm-up and cool-down
Warm-up and cool-down exercises are essential components of a footballer’s fitness training regimen. These exercises help prevent injuries and promote recovery after intense physical activity.
Dynamic stretching involves moving while stretching, which helps increase blood flow and flexibility. Footballers can engage in dynamic stretching exercises such as leg swings, arm circles, and high knees to prepare their muscles for physical activity.
Foam rolling is a self-massage technique that involves using a foam roller to apply pressure to tight or sore muscles. This technique can help improve muscle recovery and reduce the risk of injury by breaking up muscle adhesions and increasing blood flow to the affected area.
In addition to injury prevention and rehabilitation, warm-up and cool-down exercises also play a role in improving a footballer’s overall physical performance on the field. By incorporating these exercises into their training regimen, footballers can improve their endurance, agility, and strength, enabling them to excel on the field.
Injury prevention strategies
- Strength training
- Resistance training is essential for developing the muscular strength and power required for football. This includes exercises such as squats, deadlifts, and bench presses, which target the legs, hips, and upper body.
- Isometric exercises, which involve holding a static position against resistance, can also be beneficial for developing the strength needed to prevent injuries. Examples include plank holds and isometric leg curls.
- Flexibility exercises
- Footballers need to be flexible in order to move effectively on the field and avoid injury.
- Stretching exercises should be incorporated into the footballer’s fitness routine to improve flexibility and prevent injury. Examples include static stretches, such as hamstring and calf stretches, and dynamic stretches, such as leg swings and high knees.
- Plyometric exercises, which involve jumping and explosive movements, can also help to improve flexibility and prevent injury by improving footwork and agility. Examples include box jumps and plyometric lunges.
Rehabilitation exercises are a crucial aspect of injury prevention and recovery for footballers. These exercises are designed to strengthen and recondition injured muscles, tendons, and ligaments, and to improve flexibility and range of motion. Here are some examples of rehabilitation exercises that footballers may perform:
Eccentric exercises involve lengthening the muscle while it is under tension. This type of exercise is particularly effective for rehabilitating injured muscles and tendons, as it helps to strengthen the tissue and prevent further injury. Examples of eccentric exercises for footballers may include:
- Hamstring stretching: This exercise involves gently stretching the hamstring muscles while seated or lying down, with the foot raised and the knee bent.
- Calf raises: This exercise involves standing on tiptoes and then lowering the heels down slowly, which works the calf muscles eccentrically.
Isometric exercises involve contracting the muscle without moving the joint. This type of exercise is particularly useful for strengthening the muscles around a joint, such as the ankle or knee, which can help to prevent injuries. Examples of isometric exercises for footballers may include:
- Wall squats: This exercise involves standing with the back against a wall and the feet shoulder-width apart, then pushing the wall away with the legs while keeping the knees bent.
- Single-leg deadlifts: This exercise involves standing on one leg and lifting the other leg off the ground, then lowering it back down slowly without bending the knee.
Incorporating these rehabilitation exercises into a footballer’s training program can help to prevent injuries and promote recovery, allowing them to stay on the field and perform at their best.
Return to play protocols
In order to ensure a safe and effective return to play for footballers who have suffered an injury, it is important to follow specific return to play protocols. These protocols are designed to gradually increase physical activity and allow the body to heal properly, reducing the risk of reinjury.
The first step in any return to play protocol is to gradually increase physical activity. This means that footballers should start with low-intensity exercises and gradually work their way up to more intense activities. For example, a footballer who has suffered a hamstring injury may start by performing light jogging and gradually increase the intensity and duration of their runs over time.
Before a footballer can return to play, they must receive medical clearance from a qualified healthcare professional. This clearance ensures that the footballer has fully recovered from their injury and is ready to resume physical activity without risking further injury. Medical clearance may involve a series of tests and evaluations to assess the footballer’s strength, flexibility, and overall fitness level.
By following these return to play protocols, footballers can safely and effectively return to the field after an injury, reducing the risk of reinjury and improving their overall performance.
1. What types of fitness training do footballers need to excel on the field?
Football is a sport that requires a high level of physical fitness, endurance, and strength. Footballers need to be in excellent physical condition to excel on the field. The types of fitness training that footballers typically engage in include:
* Cardiovascular endurance training: This type of training helps to improve the footballer’s cardiovascular health and endurance, which is essential for running up and down the field for 90 minutes.
* Strength training: Footballers need to be strong in order to push through tackles, win headers, and score goals. Strength training helps to improve muscular strength and power.
* Flexibility and mobility training: Footballers need to be flexible and mobile in order to move freely and make quick changes of direction. Flexibility and mobility training helps to improve range of motion and reduce the risk of injury.
* Speed and agility training: Footballers need to be fast and agile in order to keep up with the ball and their opponents. Speed and agility training helps to improve footwork, quickness, and explosiveness.
2. How often do footballers train?
Footballers typically train every day, with the exception of game days. On game days, they may have a light training session or rest to allow their bodies to recover from the previous match. During the season, footballers may have two or three matches per week, which means they need to be in top physical condition to perform at their best.
3. What types of exercises do footballers do in their training sessions?
Footballers do a variety of exercises in their training sessions, depending on their specific needs and goals. Some common exercises include:
* Running drills: Footballers do a lot of running, so running drills are a staple of their training sessions. These drills may include interval training, hill sprints, and long-distance runs.
* Strength training exercises: Footballers use a variety of strength training exercises to build muscular strength and power. These exercises may include weightlifting, resistance band exercises, and bodyweight exercises.
* Plyometric exercises: Plyometric exercises are designed to improve explosiveness and power. Examples of plyometric exercises include box jumps, squat jumps, and depth jumps.
* Agility drills: Agility drills are designed to improve footwork, quickness, and reaction time. Examples of agility drills include ladder drills, cone drills, and shuffle drills.
4. Do footballers have personal trainers or coaches?
Many footballers work with personal trainers or coaches to help them achieve their fitness goals. Personal trainers and coaches may design customized training programs, provide guidance on nutrition and recovery, and monitor progress. They may also provide motivation and support to help footballers stay on track with their training.
5. How important is nutrition for footballers?
Nutrition is very important for footballers, as it can have a big impact on their performance on the field. Footballers need to fuel their bodies with the right types of foods to support their training and recovery. This means eating a balanced diet that includes plenty of protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Footballers may also need to pay attention to their hydration levels, especially during matches and training sessions.
6. How do footballers recover from matches and training sessions?
Recovery is an important part of a footballer’s training program, as it helps to prevent injury and improve performance. Footballers may use a variety of methods to recover from matches and training sessions, including:
* Rest: Footballers need to allow their bodies to rest and recover between matches and training sessions.
* Ice baths: Ice baths can help to reduce muscle soreness and inflammation.
* Massage: Massage can help to relieve muscle tension and improve circulation.
* Stretching: Stretching can help to improve flexibility and range of motion.
* Nutrition: Eating a balanced diet with plenty of protein and healthy fats can help to support recovery.